GUSTAV JAHN (1879 - 1919) Akadem. Maler, Grafiker und Alpinist


GUSTAV JAHN auf der Weltausstellung 1904 in St. Louis

The Louisiana Purchase Exposition - World Fair St. Louis 1904



Für die Weltausstellung 1904 in St. Louis gestaltete GUSTAV JAHN im Auftrag der K.K. Staatsbahngesellschaft, eine Reihe von (12) Alpenansichten.

Gezeigt wurden diese im "Austrian Government Building" (Bild links) im Raum "illustrating austrian live and szenery" und er erhielt dafür das Diplom der bronzenen Medaille für Kunst.

Die großflächigen Friesen wurden nach dem Ende der Weltausstellung, im Dezember 1904 nach Wien transferriert und schmückten danach die Ankunftshalle des alten Wiener Westbahnhofes (Kaiserin Elisabeth-Bahnhof). Vermutlich durch Bombenangriffe im II.WK wurden diese vollig zerstört.

Leider ist es uns bis dato noch nicht gelungen, Innenaufnahmen des Westbahnhofes zu bekommen, wo diese Friesen zu sehen sind.




Neben Künstlern des Wiener Hagen Bundes (wie Cossmann Alfred (Vienna), Hegenbart, Fritz (Munich), Lefler, Heinrich, and Urban, Joseph (Vienna), Wesemann, Alfred (Vienna)) u.v.a. , waren auch Werke von Albin Egger Lienz, Ferdinant Andri, Alois Delug und Gustav Jahn in St. Louis vetreten, um für Österreich und seine Schönheiten zu werben.

weitere Künstler:

Adams, John Quincy, Vienna. Bara, Leopold, Vienna. Bernt, Rudolf, Vienna. Brunner, Ferdinand, Vienna. Czech, Emil, Vienna. Danilowatz, Joseph, Vienna.
Darnaut, Hugo, Vienna. Delug, Alois, Vienna. Egger-Lienz, Albion, Vienna. Egner, Marie, Vienna. Fischer, Ludwig Hems, Vienna. Geller, Johann Nepomuk, Vienna.
Hamza, Johann, Vienna. Hessl, Gustav H., Vienna. Jungwirth, Joseph, Kirchberg. Kaufmann, Adolf, Vienna. Koch, Ludwig, Vienna. Kruis, Ferdinand, Vienna.
Larwin, Hans, Vienna. Lebiedzki, Eduard, Vienna. Lohwag, Ernestine, Vienna. Mielich, A. L., Vienna. Petrovits, Ladislaus Eugen, Vienna.
Pfluegl, Alfred von, Vienna. Pippich, Karl, Vienna. Probst, Karl, Vienna. Ribarz, Rudolf, Vienna. Russ, Robert, Vienna.









Universal Exposition
ST. LOUIS, U.S.A. 1904 .
Department B, ART


ST. LOUIS, 1904

Ausstellungsverzeichnis Worlds Fair 1904 St.Louis

JAHN Gustav, Vienna - Nr. 223 - Painted Friezes, installed in the room "illustrating austrian live and szenery"


  Abbildung World Fair Title  
1. Peasant’s Wedding Bauernhochzeit in Niederösterreich
2. Procession around the Lake Fronleichnamsprozession auf dem Traunsee
3. Tyrolean popular Dance Beliebter Tiroler Volkstanz
4. Priest blessing Montain Pasture Einsegnung einer Alpe in Tirol
5. Parade of Tyrolean Sharp Shooters Parade der Tiroler Schützen - Schützenfestzug in Tirol
6. Climbing the Glacier Bergsteiger in den Hochalpen
7. Return from Chamois hunting Heimkehr von der Gamsjagd
8. Skeeing in the Wienerwald Skiläufer im Wienerwald
9. Scenery of an Adriatic Port Szene aus dem Hafen von Triest
10. Cattle Fair in Carinthia Ein Viehmarkt in Kärnten
11. Wrestling Match of Salzburg Peasants Ringkampf von Salzburger Bauern
12. Games on the Ice in Styria Eisschiessen in der Steiermark



Final Report of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Commission
Louisiana Purchase Exposition Commission

Part 6 out of 16




_Austrian commission._--Mr. Adalbert R. Von Stibral,
commissioner-general; Mr. Victor Pillwax, assistant commissioner; Mr.
Dominik Fetz, secretary; Mr. Emil S. Fischer, commercial secretary.

_Austrian commercial commission._--Count Johann Harrach, president; Mr.
Oskar Edler Von Hoefft, first vice-president; Mr. Franz Hiess, second
vice-president; Mr. Charles M. Rosenthal, executive commissioner; Mr.
Johann Peterka, commercial director; Mr. Adolph Taussig, commercial
representative and assistant commissioner.

One of the most interesting and, as far as the interior scheme of
decoration is concerned, the most artistic of the various foreign
buildings in the World's Fair grounds, was that of the Austrian Empire.

It was most prominently situated at the western end of Administration avenue, immediately opposite the Administration Building of the World's Fair. The garden at the west end of the pavilion, though small, attracted a great deal of attention on account of its artistic beauty. Morning-glory and other vines had been planted around the building, and before the close of the fair had covered the walls and added much to the beauty of the structure.

The Austrian Government Building was of impressionistic architecture. It was 60 meters long, 35 meters wide, and built in the form of a T. From the transepts a middle aisle, 24 meters broad, extended to the building line. On either side of the aisle exits led to the loggias and to the lawns. The pavilion was built of wood and all the rooms had skylights. The style of architecture and decoration was modern, with a classical toning. The exterior of the building was faced with a grayish, yellow-colored gypsum, shaded with gold, dark blue, and light green. Two groups of figures, above life size, adorned the main porch of the central building. The imperial coat of arms, with a crown surrounded by a large wreath, was raised above the center of the pavilion, and to the
right and left two sphinxes crowned the gables. The center building (garden front) was finished with two enormous square pylons, with festoons and masks and decorated with all the coats of arms of the
Austrian crown lands. Four stela-bearing gilded busts were symmetrically placed along the front of the flower beds, in which monumental fountains had been erected. The interior of the building was divided into fifteen rooms. To the left and right of the entrance hall, which was adorned with a marble bust of the Emperor, were the official apartments, one of which was meant as a library and reading room and the other as a reception room. Beyond the entrance hall was the technical exhibition of the ministry of railways, which likewise occupied the room on the left-hand side for an exhibition, "Sceneries and People of Austria." The hall to the right was devoted to the department of the ministry of commerce for the building of waterways. At the back part of the middle
aisle a large hall was devoted to the exhibits of the professional art schools, and two smaller ones showed interiors executed by the schools for arts and crafts in Vienna and Prague. The fine-arts exhibits of the Vienna Artists' Association and of the association called "Hagenbund" were on the right of the transepts; pictures by Bohemian and Polish artists on the opposite side.

The artists and artisans who took part in building and decorating the Austrian Government pavilion were as follows: The plans of the whole building, the entrance hall, the two halls of the ministry of railways, and the hall containing the exhibition of waterways were designed by the chief architect, Oberbaurat Ludwig Bauman, Josef Meissner substituting him in the superintendence of the works; contractor J. Lecoeur.
The library was designed by Leopold Bauer, architect, and the architect
Joseph Pleonik designed the reception room.

The plastic on the outside of the building was delivered by the sculptor
Othmar Schimkowitz. The figurate frieze in the library was the work of
the painter Josef Engerhart. The painter Ferdinand Andri executed the
frescoes on the facade and Meinrich Tomec those in the department for
waterways. The Emperor's bust, which was made of Lassar marble and which
had been executed in the workshop of the Tyrol Marble and Porphyry
Company (Fritz Zeller), Laas (Tyrol), was a copy of Professor Strasser's

The relief "Empress Elizabeth" (allegory) in the reception room was by the late Rudolf Weigl, sculptor.

Sandor Jaray had been intrusted with the interior decorations and fittings. The carpets were delivered by J. Ginskey, Maffendorf, and the ornamental locksmith work by Alexander Nehr.

The mosaic and artistic work was done by Max Freiherr von Spann and Johann Kappner; the fancy needlework by Carl Giani; the inlaid work (intarsia) by Michael Kehl, Josef Duchoslav, and Franz Makienec, and the
bronze works by Johann Hastach, Carl Kratky, J. Schubert, and A.T. Lange. On account of the beauty of its furnishings and the harmonious color schemes of the interior the pavilion was especially attractive to women visitors to the fair.

Austria is the home of the European alpine railways. The oldest, the Semmering Railway, constructed in 1848-1854, lies on the South Railway main line from Vienna to Trieste and is the first mountain railway conducted exclusively on the adhesive principle. Then followed the Brenner Railway (1864-1867), the shortest railway communication between central Germany via Tyrol to Italy (Verona), and the Arlberg Railway (1880-1884), which opened up the route via Tyrol and Vorarlberg to the west (Switzerland and France). Four great panoramas in the exhibition showing the above-mentioned alpine railways were witness to Austria's prominence in this special field of railway technique.

One room in the pavilion was devoted to the models of alpine railways. There were also plans of the lines, photographic views of buildings and of the tracks of the first three mentioned lines, which are in full working order. The lines in course of construction were further illustrated by models of tunnels, scaffoldings, foundations of arched bridge (with span of 80 meters) over the Isonzo (littoral lands of Austria), with statistical calculations and charts of the largest vaulted bridges ever built, and photographic views of the working in the Karawanken and Wocheiner tunnels.

Among the other exhibits in this department may be mentioned a model of the groundwork of the Austrian State railways for express trains, photos of the imperial court train and of the newest locomotives and passenger carriages of the Austrian State railways, as well as plans for iron bridges, groundwork, locomotives, and passenger carriages of the State railways. The work published for the Emperor's jubilee, "History of the Railways of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy," together with a number of other publications on the statistics, pedagogy, and technique of railways, were exhibited. Finally, there was a chart of the railways of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy on a scale of 1:1000000.

For a long time the Austrian ministry of railways set itself the task of drawing the attention of the traveling public to the beauties of the scenery and the ethnographical charms in which Austria abounds, and thus inducing them to visit the country. To gain this end the ministry issued various publications, opened inquiry offices, and arranged exhibitions.
The exhibition "Sceneries and People of Austria" in the Government
pavilion was arranged, with the cooperation of several artists, for the
same object. The exhibit principally consisted of a collection of views
of the most beautiful parts of Austria, especially the Austrian Alps,
and pictures of Austrian national life
. Photographs taken by the best photographers, as well as a number of artistic amateur photos, representing important traveling districts in Austria (99 in all), were enlarged and reproduced as pigment prints or linographs. Two series of photographic prints were exhibited also, one consisting of Austrian castles and strongholds and the other of various favorite alpine resorts. Further, a selection of alpine and traveling works in luxurious editions were shown.

The whole exhibition was finished off with a collection of 14 pictures
of costumes and sport, arranged like a frieze and illustrating special
Austrian national scenes. Four bronze statuettes, viz, "Chamois-hunter,"
"Alpine tourist," "Ski sportsman," "Alpine dairy woman," had been placed
in the room as decorations.

The exhibition of models, plans, and photographs of the existing and projected canal for deep-draft ships, arranged by the department of the ministry of commerce for the building of waterways, offered a general
view of the whole network of the Austrian waterways, comprising those of the Danube, Moldau, and Elbe rivers, together with the system of canals.

The beautiful landscape of the river sides was shown by means of views of the Danube, contained in an album, while the plans, photographs, and models exhibited by the Danube Regulation Commission showed the river courses, the harbor in lower Austria and Vienna, as well as the construction for regulating the water level in the Vienna-Danube Canal. A map of Prague showed the harbor and canal construction works, some finished and others projected, in the precincts of the town. The drawings and photos exhibited in a corner of the hall by the Aussig-Teplitz Railway Company illustrated the position and traffic of the harbor of Aussig, the most important inland harbor of Austria. The charts, in addition to giving a view of the position of the canals and rivers, with canals projected, showed also longitudinal sections of the Danube-Oder Canal.

The exhibitions of the State professional art schools, arranged by the imperial royal ministry of public instruction, Vienna, gave an idea of the work done by these institutions. The exhibition was arranged in three divisions, the first two containing the exhibits of the schools for arts and crafts in Vienna and Prague (the largest of their kind in Austria) and the third the work of the other professional art schools.

The decoration of the two interiors of the schools for arts and crafts, Vienna (Director Felizian Freiherr von Myrbach) and Prague (Director Georg Stibral), as well as all the objects exhibited in these divisions, were designed at the above institutions and executed by the pupils. The organization of the "collective exhibition" of the other professional art schools was intrusted to the inspector of these schools and Hofrat Arthur von Scala, director of the Austrian Museum, Vienna. The interior and the exhibits themselves were executed in the workshops of 46 different professional art schools, with the cooperation of the pupils.

The amount of money appropriated by the Austrian Government for the participation of the Austrian Empire at the exposition was 1,100,000 crowns (about $220,000). The appropriation, however, was almost exclusively made for the display of Austria in connection with the Austrian Government Pavilion. The appropriated amount had to cover the expense for the erection of the pavilion and its installation, as well as the installation of two rooms in the Fine Arts Building, where the Vienna Artists' Association had an additional display. The appropriated amount had also to cover the transportation of the Austrian Government exhibits as well as the expense of the reshipment of same. The Government provided the 1,100,000 crowns not only for the erection of the pavilion and its sculptural works, but for the expenses of installation, transportation, etc. Part of this money was used by the various Government participants, viz:

(1) The imperial royal railroad ministry.

(2) The imperial royal department of waterways of Austria.

(3) The imperial royal ministry of education.

(4) And finally by four fine art associations. These fine art
associations were: (1) the Vienna Artists' Association, (2) the
"Hagenbund" Artists' Association of Vienna
, (3) the Bohemian artists,
and (4) the Polish Artists.

The fine art associations had their display each in one room of the thirteen contained in the Austrian Government Pavilion. The Vienna Artists' Association had also two rooms covering the Austrian section in
the Fine Arts Building.

In reference to the commercial exhibit, a number of prominent individuals of Austria organized an exhibition of the manufacturers of Austria. They secured a number of participants, mostly glass and porcelain manufacturers as well as leather and jewelry merchants of Austria. Their exhibits representing Austria were displayed in the Manufactures Building, Varied Industries Building, Liberal Arts Building, and in the Agricultural Building.



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